Title:'From red blanket to civilization': propaganda-recruitment films for the South African gold mines, 1920-1940
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies ,
v3, n1, 2007, p133-152
Abstract:This article highlights the importance of motion pictures in the Transvaal Chamber of Mines' strategy to recruit and educate African workers for the Witwatersrand gold mines during the interwar years. Responding to the need for an ever-expanding workforce, in the mid-1920s industry officials began producing and exhibiting recruiting films in the reserves and protectorates in a bid to establish hegemony over labour reservoirs. Miners on the Rand were also shown films promoting western medicine and safety procedures in a bid to reduce contagion and worksite injuries. These films, overlooked in the historiography to date, are an important source for historians as they were among the earliest examples of colonial cinema produced south of the Sahara, and provided tens of thousands of African villagers with their first opportunity for viewing motion pictures. Accounts in white newspapers smugly reported on spectators running in terror from the screen, but Chamber memos show that officials recognised the ability of Africans to understand the nuances of filmic narrative. Moreover, the films themselves provided a new venue that made it possible for potential recruits and their families to critique the minutiae of labour contracts and working conditions on the Rand. Africans enjoyed the medium, but they were not its victims.
Title:The Bantu Educational Kinema Experiment and the struggle for hegemony in British East and South Africa, 1937-39
Periodical:Historical Journal of Film, Radio, and Television ,
v29, n1, 2009, p57-78
Abstract: The article discusses the Bantu Educational Kinema Experiment (BEKE) and the struggle for hegemony in British East and Central Africa from 1935 to 1937. The author states that Great Britain led the field in producing movies for the colonized in an attempt to connect its African subjects to the metropole. He explains that BEKE was the first systematic, regional experiment in producing films in the colonies for indigenous spectators. The article also discusses the International Missionary Council in Africa, the origin of BEKE, and the films "First Farce," "Tanga Travel," and "The Chief."
Title: Africa joins the world: the missionary imagination and the Africa Motion Picture Project in Central Africa, 1937-39
Periodical:Journal of Social History, v44, n2, 2010, p459-479
Abstract:The essay discusses films produced from 1937 to 1939 by the Africa Motion Picture Project (AMPP), an initiative of the Protestant mission society the Africa Committee of the Foreign Missions Conference of North America. It notes the role of Emory Ross, a Protestant missionary, and the relations of crew members Ray and Virginia Garner with the BaKuba people of Central Africa, or the Congo. The author also explores the idea of place and relations between Protestants and Catholics in the Congo.
Title:Images out of Africa : the Virginia Garner diaries of the Africa Motion Picture Project
Publisher: Univerisity Press of Maryland, 2011
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